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For the modern NASA/ESA Hubble telescope found a new task
Orbiting the Earth revolves a great many satellites, but they are not strange do not look in the outer region, and to our pockets, in Windows and in the brain, if it was like that with a large percentage on the turnover and academics would our a little bit wiser and the world would be significantly faster have known, but alas, in a distant world do not look anything, and if they look, they are really very, very little. This time we are talking about those who are looking at the outer regions of the Universe, and now we are starting a new mission BUFFALO, which involves the growth of interest and the search for the oldest and most distant galaxies.
This new mission based on the Hubble telescope will work. Scientists intend to obtain data on the structure of the most distant galaxies. Look for the galaxy is not necessary, there are sectors in which they are as many as the stars in the visible sky. The first step is to study more closely the galaxy cluster Abell 370. This cluster of galaxies is considered in the prism of the telescope is not the first time, but with some task to look so far for the first time. It is important to expand the package of knowledge about primary galaxies, in order to learn more about galaxies of this type, it is necessary at least to observe a large number, to develop a database and eventually engage in data comparison forming a layer of information at the output in which there would be everything necessary in terms of knowledge of the most distant star worlds.
In the cluster Abell 370 galaxies really a lot, if this cluster is considered even more closely and with a large increase, it is possible in the blurred areas to find at least more than a dozen previously unknown to science star systems. At the edges of this galactic cluster is the refraction of light, the cluster as a whole works as a gravitational lens through which refracting and amplifying to the observer gets a light beam from even more distant and older galaxies behind the cluster Abell 370.
If the Hubble telescope uses the gravitational lensing effect, several more distant and earlier galaxies can be seen in the visible Universe. Along the perimeter of the cluster there is a slightly bright strip, it is a distorted signal from older and even farther from the observer galaxies. Something that scientists have considered and given the name, they were able to see more than one galaxy in several distorted projection which is located somewhere behind this Grand and so distant clusters. Called galactic cluster "Dragon" (the Dragon).
If you are interested to see in a really good picture, what is there behind the cluster Abell 370 is, then look at the NASA website, all that is associated with the project BUFFALO (Beyond Ultra-deep Frontier Fields and Legacy Observations), there is a lot of interesting in good quality. Manage this project astronomers from Denmark on the basis of the Niels Bohr Institute, as well as scientists from the University of Durham from England. The project was created in order to expand the previously acquired knowledge in the framework of the Frontier Fields Project. On this subject it has been spent 160 hours of observations using the Hubble space telescope. The next mission of BUFFALO will be to expand the idea of earlier and brighter galaxies, as well as possible where and how black matter affects galaxies in the distant past. Again, scientists will either confirm the Big Bang theory and the hypothesis that States that the first galaxies have gathered in the structure after 800 million years or not. Another NASA/ESA/CSA James Webb Western telescope is working in the same direction and on the same topic.
I do not know what to say about the confirmation of the reality of the Big Bang, the fact that scientists after THE Buffalo mission will work out, learn clearly a lot of new is a fact. At its core, this program will allow many times more to get this in this direction, the world learns a lot about the earliest galaxies. The program will involve many modern telescopes, the information base will be very wide.
To argue that so far from the observer is almost similar to thinking about a problem that does not exist. As a result, scientists will see and find, time will tell, but the project is clearly worthwhile and the result will certainly be clearly not zero.