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Where in our galaxy is the youngest pulsar known to science?
Pulsars in the Universe in the visible part of a great many, they probably even count is not really difficult. But which of them, or rather which of those that science has found, is the youngest in age The stars of the eyelids is long, sometimes billions of years, they burn their fuel in order to in the end become ordinary and nondescript black hole and with a huge pomp shed his clothes:)) so it seemed a bit fantastic, but basically true. As for pulsars, they are very interesting objects.
Scientists first studied the data from the survey images of the telescope "Chandra" and they turned out to be the youngest of the known science pulsar, considered the telescope galaxy milky way. In addition to the fact that it was possible to calculate the number of pulsars in our galaxy, scientists also managed to learn more about how the stars end their lives. If a large and heavy star spills out fuel, hydrogen and helium, it explodes. The upper layer is dumped into the surrounding space, and the dense iron core remains and it is either a black hole or a neutron star. When a neutron star rotates, it emits particle fluxes along the poles, more often it is ordinary radiation. Astronomers watching the sky record such flashes and thus each new attributed to the next pulsar. The first pulsar scientists found in the middle of the last century, time passed and they have already discovered more than 2000 pieces. Although pulsars know a lot, but their secret is still very much classified, many pulsars are generally difficult to explain from the standpoint of modern physics, they behave more than strange. Scientists can not even understand the nature of the stars, as a result of the death of which pulsars are formed, what distinguishes one star from another
When scientists received the latest data from the Observatory "Chandra", they had hope yet to understand the issues that until recently there were no answers. The study was subjected to the remains of a supernova Kes 75, which is at a distance of 19 000 light years, so to say the youngest at this time pulsar in the visible part of our galaxy.
Pulsar characterizes a strong magnetic field and rapid axial rotation create wind from different substances, which blows in different hand, and in case with Kes 75, then comes straight to Earth. The flow of particles escapes from this type of star and moves at the speeds of light in different directions, by the way, according to scientists, some particles with great energy create a cocoon around the pulsars, which even glows in a blue glow.
If you are actually interested in what is the plerion, I mean cocoon around the pulsar, the network has high-quality photos of the pulsar KES 75, in the pictures the cocoon just glows blue. In General as me seems, scientists have sought the most young pulsar in our galaxy, and found that the such, what there is no explanations. Some cocoon of some very energetic particles. Cocoon it weakens, but obviously to weaken him for a long long time. He was born apparently at the time of the supernova explosion and scientists got such an amazing opportunity in our time is the phenomenon to observe. Video at the bottom of the Kes 75 pulsar and its plerion glows like once in a blue glow.