After 14 years of planning, the European Space Agency targeted mercury
This year at least 4 more spacecrafts of the European Space Agency will fly to space. Scientists from Europe are trying to learn more about the hottest planet in the Solar system, this time the emphasis will be on mercury. Explore fly mercury probe BepiColombo, the launch is scheduled for October 19. In space probe will go on a rocket European Assembly, a series of Arian. The probe will fly to mercury in roundabout ways, so that the first mention of the arrival and performance of the tasks will be at least 7 years. In addition, the flight will be long, on the approach to mercury will also be a certain turn and a circle of honor of unprecedented complexity. This trick is related to the fact that as accurately as possible to put the probe in the desired orbit and not to fall into the hands of the Sun. Difficulties with the study of mercury abound, it is possible to solve all the difficulties stretching the mission for 14 years. Previously, missions of this type lasted twice as short in time, but also the informativeness of those flights is much lower for science. Probe, which in the fall of 2018 to go to mercury named after the famous Explorer and traveler Giuseppe Colombo. Giuseppe Colombo was a math major, has lived most of his life in Italy. As it turns out he took part in the first mission of a probe for the study of the smallest and fiery planet probe Mariner 10 sent a lot of interesting facts, but has generated more questions than answers.
Italian mathematician successfully calculated the trajectory of the probe, on the way the probe flew even near Venus. Using the revolution around the planet probe received the necessary additional acceleration. Thanks to the Italian scholar the mission of Mariner 10 was the first use of the gravitational acceleration from the interaction with the other planets. So, that scholar clearly deserved moreover, to his name called another mission to mercury.
While the probe reaches its destination and sees a lot of interesting things, there is a series of video cameras with good resolution on its Board. These video cameras will be used to map the planet itself. Spectral analysis will study the chemical composition of the atmosphere of the planet. Along the way will be studied and the magnetic field of the planet. The entire mission boils down to, to to to study mercury as can be better, after all about faint planet known until that very and very little.
The other two vehicles of the European Space Agency will not fly far, they will study the surface of the planet. The second satellite is still in the project, but the first Sentinel-3B is in orbit. Sentinel-3B will receive a constant temperature map over the place of its passage. If you are interested in this topic, you can get data on these missions on the network, they are freely available and are not a secret to network users. The Aeolus Satellite. With will fly in the near future, its orbit will lie at altitudes of 320 km Aeolus. C will monitor environmental pollution, as well as will receive a map of the winds over the surface of the planet. In autumn, the European weather probe Metop-C will go into space.its orbit will be at an altitude of 800 km, it will monitor the weather there on the planet and transmit to the ground control stations of the satellite.
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