If you have a good smartphone, then you already can using a device to look for the rare speck of dust
Experts from the Moscow Higher school of Economics has modified the previously existing method of analysis of cosmic rays, in this case we are talking about high-energy rays. Now it can be analyzed with only a good smartphone with a good photo camera. This system has been developed by scientists from the Laboratory of methods of analysis of large amounts of data (Laboratory of Methods for Big Data Analysis, LAMBDA).
Their achievements Moscow scientists tested during the experiment CRAYFIS, that came out all surprised and as a result exhibit know-how got at the 22nd International conference on computational processes in high energy physics.
The Earth`s atmosphere every second, penetrates a huge flux of cosmic rays, among all this "cosmic radiation", there are also particles with high energy. These particles, scientists are actively studying, yet there is no explanation of their nature, how and where they got such a huge energy boost. When particles such that almost many a short high-energy beam, and such rays and looking for scientists, they just represent a big mystery.
Basically, these energy-rich particles are either born in the depths of black holes or at the big star explosion. When particles with a lot of potential to slam into earth`s atmosphere, they are forced to interact with the air molecules. In this collision, knocked a huge number of secondary particles, so to speak, you receive the secondary radiation of sufficiently high intensity. These particles have too high energy, but it is still significantly smaller than the one that started it all. When this shower of particles is observed scientists this phenomenon is called "extensive air showers". The event is quite rare, it is rare depending on the area of observation. The larger the area of analysis, the greater the probability to see the "air shower particles". Mathematicians have calculated that if you have a mirror for observing an area of only 1 sq km, the probability to catch a high energy particle will be equal to 1, but only if the observation would take 100 years. If less surveillance, you can not wait for this event at all. If purposefully to carry out an experiment, the more would be the area of the analyzed surface of the Earth, the greater would be the likelihood of something to catch and perform.
So scientists decided to develop the project CRAYFIS, which implies the use of all smartphones in the system for the detection of rare cosmic-ray energies. In order to carry out such, the Moscow scientists have developed a system of analysis,a special algorithm of computation. In fact turned out to neural network high precision. Now smartphones will be able to react and register the muon particles, which partially falls in the period of active air showers.
Technology, which is used in its detectors, the scientists, the same as the one implemented in photo cameras for producing high-quality photo images. So that to detect particles, in principle, it is not too difficult.
If you wish to try this program, first you need to install a special app on your smartphone. Further enabled smartphone with a camera down left on the table overnight for analysis. Everything is simple, everyone who would like to participate, everybody can do that without problems. See details on the crayfis website.io.
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